The Dos and Don’ts of Cataract Surgery

Team Cataracts

If your eye doctor tells you that you have cataracts, you will probably have a host of questions and concerns. However surprising the news may be, there is no need to panic. Cataracts are very common. In fact, by the age of 80, more than half of people will have cataracts. This progressive condition can often be initially managed with conservative non-surgical treatments such as wearing new glasses, keeping your home or office brighter, using magnifying lenses, or wearing anti-glare sunglasses. However, the only way to treat cataracts is through surgery. Fortunately, science and technology have made cataract surgery a painless, outpatient procedure. Read on for everything to know about cataract surgery.

Why Do I Need Cataract Surgery?

Cataracts develop as the result of clumping proteins on the lens of the eye. This leads to a foggy lens, rendering your eye unable to focus light properly. Signs and symptoms of cataracts include double vision, blurry vision, sensitivity to bright light, difficulty seeing at night, sudden onset of nearsightedness, and changes in the way you see color. 

Cataracts are progressive, so they will worsen over time. If you don’t treat cataracts, you can eventually go blind. Most people decide to proceed with cataract surgery after their vision has been impaired enough to make day-to-day living difficult.  However, your optometrist/ophthalmologist may recommend cataract surgery earlier, or because of another eye condition such as changes in the retina. 

What to Do After Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery will be performed on one eye at a time. The surgery is painless and typically takes less than one hour. After your surgery, your opthamologist will provide you with detailed post-operative instructions. It is very important that you follow all instructions. 

You will be given medicated eye drops that will prevent infection in the eye that had surgery. You should also plan to take it easy for a few days. You may experience itching or soreness.  Your eye may also water (tear).  Your doctor may recommend you wait a day or more to take a shower or wash your hair, to prevent water or shampoo from getting in your eye. You will likely also be told to wear an eye shield while you’re sleeping to protect the eye. You may be given wraparound sunglasses to help protect your eye from debris, and bright lights while you’re healing. Instructions may vary on a case-by-case basis. Just be sure you follow all of your opthamologists instructions and take all prescribed medication exactly as directed. 

What to Avoid After Cataract Surgery

Your vision will be compromised after cataract surgery, and your eye needs time to heal so it is important to avoid certain activities following cataract surgery. After your eye surgery, you will need to avoid the following: 

  • Driving
  • Bending Over
  • Engaging in strenuous exercise or housework
  • Putting on eye makeup
  • Pools and hot tubs
  • Exposure to bright lights 

Schedule a Consultation for Cataract Surgery in Portage County

Many people wait until their cataracts are disrupting their lives to schedule surgery, but surgery can be performed early in many cases.  If you’ve been diagnosed with cataracts, and are ready to schedule surgery, contact Andrews Eye Care Center today by calling 330-527-3937. If your vision is beginning to blur, or you’re having other problems with your eye, feel free to request an appointment online for an eye exam.