Glaucoma Treatment in Garrettsville
Glaucoma is an eye disease that often occurs as the result of pressure inside the eye, causing erosion of the optic nerve tissue. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to vision loss or blindness, which is why early diagnosis is important.
Types of Glaucoma
The most common types of glaucoma include:
Also known as chronic glaucoma, the only noticeable symptom of open-angle glaucoma is gradual loss of vision. Because the vision loss is so slow, you may suffer permanent damage before you suspect a problem. This is the most common type of glaucoma.
Angle-closure glaucoma, or acute glaucoma, is an eye care emergency caused by the rapid buildup of fluid in the eye, resulting in pressure that causes severe pain, blurred vision, brow pain and nausea.
Glaucoma can also be a congenital defect diagnosed in childhood. Congenital glaucoma is a defect in the angle of the eye, which impacts the way fluids drain, causing cloudy, watery eyes and light sensitivity.
This type of glaucoma is a side effect of other eye conditions, injuries, or certain medications.
Normal Tension Glaucoma
Normal tension glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve without an increase in eye pressure.
Glaucoma Diagnosis and Treatment
Glaucoma is often diagnosed during a comprehensive eye examination. Dr. Andrews may ask about a family history of glaucoma or health conditions or medications that are associated with the condition. A tonometry test can measure the internal pressure in your eye, while a pachymetry test determines whether you are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma and perimetry tests (visual field) tell us whether glaucoma is impacting your vision.
When treating glaucoma, our goal is to reduce the pressure in your optic nerve and protect your vision. Prescription eye drops are our first line of defense against glaucoma, but in some cases surgery may be required.
Frequently Asked Questions About Glaucoma
What is usually the first sign of glaucoma?
The first sign of glaucoma depends upon the type you have, but loss of peripheral vision and seeing rings or halos around lights are early warning signs in many patients.
Can glaucoma be stopped?
We can often stop glaucoma from progressing, but we cannot repair damage to the optic nerve that has already occurred.
Will I go blind if I have glaucoma?
This is a common concern, but most patients with glaucoma do not go blind. We have many treatment options to protect your eyesight that weren’t available in decades past.
What is the best treatment for glaucoma?
For many patients, prescription eye drops are effective at reducing intraocular pressure, but the best treatment depends on your unique circumstances. We may also prescribe oral medications or recommend laser treatment or surgery.